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Muay Thai Techniques


Punching in Thai Boxing


Learning how to punch effectively is one of the most important skills to know for fighting. Punching is effective both for close-range and far-range fighting styles. It can also be part of a combination of techniques connected to one another, enabling you to move from technique to technique with ease. A skilful boxer will practice hard to be powerful with both his right and his left hand. The best way to train to get these results is to learn when you punch. For example, when you throw a punch with your left hand, lean from the waist up to the right, shifting your weight onto your right foot. Remember, when you shadow box, do not punch with all of your force. Save this power for when you actually have something to hit - like a punching bag or a sparring partner. What punches you choose to use depends on the current situation in the fight and on what strategy you are following. It is important to punch with the flat part of your fist.

A Little bit of history:

A long time ago, men didn't know how to use weapons for lack of appropriate technology. But men had the instinct for survival. They had to protect themselves against wild animals and fellow humans. This led them to make use of their own organs as defensive weapons. Fists were employed. In Thai boxing, there are two kinds of punches, namely, the single punch and the combination punches.

The single punch is thrown when an appropriate gap to the desired target is found, whereas the combination punches are a natural follow-up to the single punch.


A tool of Thai Boxing:

To perform proper Thai boxing, one should use the knuckles to hit the target. Thai boxing itself does not specify a part that makes the contact. But it is acknowledged that punching with the knuckles is most effective. The most powerful punches are effective by the use of knuckles.



Generally, one aims at various targets on the opponent's body depending on the circumstances. Usually, one aims to hit the area from the body upward towards the face. The potential targets for the fists are shown in the illustration.


The Efficient Punching:

Whatever part of the opponent's body becomes the receiving end of your punches, you should pull the fist back immediately. In no circumstances, should you ever be content to merely leave your fist on the target, as you would expose yourself to counter-punching Remember that while you are throwing your punch, such action should serve to unnerve the opponent.


A good punch is a result of harmony and perfect synchronization, namely, the twist of the heels to add momentum to the hips movement, the move of the hips to strengthen the shoulder movement, and the turn of the shoulder to add to the power of the punch. Everything must be in synchronization to make the punch effective.



The Jab is used to irritate the opponent or to find the range. Accurate and skilful jabbing will cause a lot of anxiety for the opponent. To throw this kind of punching accurately, one has to practice on the punching bag. The jab could be used in the attack, defense and retreat.

Jab Beginners to advanced video tutorial: 

When in your guard stance with your left forward, snap your left hand forward, swinging your left shoulder forward with it for extra power and weight. You must push off of your right foot as well for that extra shift in your body weight. The jab is used to attack your opponent's face.

Jab in different Martial Arts film: 

Aspects of the jab

Muay Thai Straight Punch:


For this type of punch, shift your weight forward on your left foot as you punch straight out with your right hand with stiffness and power. You should swing your right shoulder and the upper right side of your body forward with the punch for the extra force behind the hit. Push off of your right foot as well. This type of punch is meant to attack your opponent's face.

Aspects of the Straight Punch

Muay Thai Uppercut:


Step to the side a little bit with your left foot to shift your weight in between your legs. Rotate your waist to the left to allow your right arm and shoulder to move more toward the center of your body. Bend your elbow 90 degrees and push forward fast and strong. Your shoulder is the center of your swing, and your right foot leads your fist into your opponent's stomach and skin.

Aspects of the Uppercut

Muay Thai Hook


Shift your weight in between your legs by stepping sideways with your left foot. Rotate your right shoulder and waist backwards. Then push your waist and shoulder forward fast while you punch in a tight circular motion. While you punch, push off of your right foot and shift your weight forward on your left. You are aiming for the face and/or chin of your opponent.

Muay Thai Superman Punch


A superman punch is a technique used in Muay Thai, Sanshou, kickboxing, ITF-style taekwondo and mixed martial arts fighting. The technique involves bringing the rear leg forward to feign a kick, then snapping the leg back while throwing a cross, resulting in greater power behind the punch.

The earliest documented superman punch in mixed martial arts was performed by Bas Rutten at UFC 20 against Kevin Randleman.


Professional wrestler Roman Reigns uses a "jumping, cross-body right hand" (not necessarily the martial arts version described above) as a signature move, which he called the Superman Punch.


A variation involves pushing off from the fence with the opposite foot prior to the punch.

text from the books:

"Muay Thai Self Study" by Blackrouse group

"Muay Thai. The Most Distinguished Art Of Fighting" by Panya Kraitus

Muay Thai
Krav Maga
Kyokushin Karate (Kypkushinkai)
Kudo Daido Juku Karate Do